India, officially known as Republic of India can aptly be described by the starting words of Charles Dickens in 'The Tale of Two Cities':
it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness,
it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity,
it was the season of light, it was the season of darkness,
it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair,
we had everything before us, we had nothing before us'
-- Charles Dickens
India is a country full of such paradoxes. Be it economic stratas in the society, culture, climate or the terrain. Yes Sir, a nation of contradictions, that is India. People don't realize how vast, varied and complicated India is and their expectations and views are based on visiting one part of India. What people don't realize is that because the place is so vast, each state in India is like a different country with it's own culture, language and history. I have been traveling all over India over the past few years and each place I visit shows us how varied the culture of India is and that is the best part. We are stronger because of this amazing, varied cultural history as it gives us a standing few other countries have.
The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers called "The Aryans". They called it the Sindhu river. The Persian invaders started calling it the "Hindu river". The combination of these two words gives the India another name of "Hindustan". (This account is now disputed as there are findings that suggest that Aryans were not invaders from outside but were rather indigenous people of the region itself).